The Human Eye

shreveport ophthamologist

The human eye is a complex structure, and yet it does its work so elegantly and efficiently that many people accept its day-to-day function without really knowing how the eye’s components work – or what can go wrong with them. No matter which ophthalmologist you visit at Shreveport Eye Clinic, you’ll receive the highest quality treatment and attentive counseling on how you can keep your eyes in optimal shape for life.

Understanding Eye Anatomy

Human eye anatomy processes incoming light like a camera. The front of the eye has an adjustable hole in it called the pupil, covered by a spherical “window” known as the cornea. Light passes through these structures to the lens, a (normally) transparent focusing device controlled by muscles and ligaments. The focused light shines through the fluid-filled interior of the eye to the retina at the back of the eye. The retina contains specialized pigment cells that react to brightness, darkness and color frequencies, sending this information through the optic nerve to the brain for visual processing. Every part of this complex chain must be functioning adequately for you to perceive clear vision.

Conditions That Affect the Eye

A variety of eye conditions can cause problems ranging from pain and irritation to total blindness if left untreated. Many sight-destroying diseases occur slowly but surely. These include glaucoma (a condition in which optic nerve fibers are irreparably damaged), macular degeneration (which can cause sufferers to lose their central vision) and cataracts (“clouding” of the lens that blocks incoming light). Fortunately, prompt care from your ophthalmologist can resolve a wide range of disorders and even help you preserve your vision against incurable diseases.

Eye Care Guidance

Even though our ophthalmology center can treat eye diseases and injuries, it’s up to you to take care of your eyes on an everyday basis. Your ophthalmologist can help by providing you with eye care essentials such as sunglasses that block damaging UV rays, safety goggles to protect your eyes against bright light and foreign bodies, and various kinds of protective eyewear for use in athletic activities or potentially hazardous hobbies. We can also advise you on the effect of your overall physical health on your ocular health, recommending good lifestyle practices to help you help your eyes.


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